Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of a Bruised Kidney

When you hear the term “bruised kidney”, you may think that refers to an injury that caused damage to the kidney, much like getting a bruise on your arm.  In fact, the term bruised kidney refers to various types of kidney damage.

While it is possible to sustain a bruised kidney due to a trauma such as a fall, the injury would have to be quite severe in order to result in a bruised kidney. That is because the kidneys are pretty well protected and it takes quite a lot to damage them in this way.

More commonly, bruised kidneys are caused by internal factors, such as blood vessel damage, infection or tumors. It is important to keep in mind that any damage to the kidney, including a bruised kidney, can become very serious very quickly if not properly treated.

For that reason, you should see your doctor right away if you have any of the symptoms that could be a sign that you have a bruised kidney. It is also important to note that there may not always be symptoms when one is suffering from a bruised kidney. Below are some symptoms to note.

Pain in the back or lower abdomen
Blood in the urine
Urine that is cloudy
Pain when urinating
Frequent urination
Trouble urinating

Of course, many of the above symptoms can also be the sign of many other illnesses, but it is best not to ignore such symptoms. Some people are at a higher risk for a bruised kidney. This includes people with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, as well as people who are dealing with a kidney infection or kidney stones.

There are many ways that your doctor may try to diagnose a bruised kidney.

The first is by your symptoms, such as the location and severity of your pain. He may also order blood tests as well as a CAT scan or MRI in order to obtain a definitive diagnosis.

Once diagnosed, there are many treatment options.  In many cases, a hospital stay will be ordered. That is not necessarily because the patient is in immediate danger, but because the doctor wants to be able to closely monitor the situation in order to prevent complications.          

Even if the patient is allowed to return home, it is likely that complete bed rest will be ordered. This gives the kidney the best opportunity to heal and to prevent further damage.

The patient will most likely be placed on a strict diet in order that they will not eat foods that tax the kidneys more than necessary.

Medications may include treatment for pain as well as other medications that would be specific to what actually caused the injury. For example, if the bruised kidney was caused  by an infection, steroids may be prescribed.

In some cases, surgery may be required in order to repair damage. In severe cases, the damaged kidney may need to be removed in order to stop bleeding and prevent further complications.

A bruised kidney can be quite serious, but if diagnosed and treated early, the patient will have the best chance to a smooth recovery.

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Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.