Facts About Swollen Kidney Symptoms and Illness

When you have a swollen kidney it can be very painful, plus the symptoms may return again and again. When someone suffers from a swollen kidney, the treatment may require that they be hospitalized, unfortunately in many cases the problem is not cured and may reoccur throughout that person’s life.

The problem of having a swollen kidney usually afflicts people over the age of 30, but people of any age can have this illness. In most cases a swollen kidney is an indication of polycystic kidney disease. This is a hereditary disease that causes cysts to grow on the kidney. This occurs due to the fact that the cysts are causing a blockage, that in turn leads to a buildup of fluid and eventually, infection.

The most common symptoms of this type of kidney disease are high blood pressure, as well as blood being found in the urine. The reason for these two symptoms is because there is not enough blood going to the kidneys so the body thinks it must increase the blood supply by increasing the heart rate, which leads to high blood pressure. Blood shows up in the urine due to the fact that there is too much blood in the kidneys, and some of it is released into the urine.

Back pain is another frequent symptom of a swollen kidney; as the kidney enlarges it will put pressure on the stomach, as well as the back, which causes pain. The pain may come in the form of stomach cramps, and very sharp pain in the back. Aside from the blood in the urine, the stomach and back pain are usually the symptoms that send people to the doctor where they are diagnosed with a swollen kidney.

Some complications that are associated with having a swollen kidney include kidney stones, as well as kidney failure. In some cases it is possible to get diagnosis early and perhaps prevent kidney stones or kidney failure, though by the time these symptoms are present, the patient is often in the late stages of polycystic kidney disease. In addition to polycystic kidney disease, there are also some infections and other diseases that can cause the symptoms of a swollen kidney.

If the swollen kidney is caused by polycystic kidney disease, your doctor may choose to treat the swelling, as apposed to removing the cysts. In many cases there are simply too many cysts that have formed on the kidneys to make removal of them a viable option. With this in mind, the doctor will likely encourage control of the disease through a change in diet, and treating the symptoms with medications. He or she will likely want to closely monitor kidney function as well.

With the possibility of a swollen kidney being infected, it is very important that the doctor pay careful attention to controlling any infection that may be present, as this infection can spread and infect other vital organs in the body.

In rare cases this disease may have to be treated with kidney dialysis to remove waste, or even with a kidney transplant. The drastic step of a kidney transplant is usually only necessary if both kidneys are infected, or if there is only one kidney left and it has become swollen and unable to function.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms that may indicate that you have a swollen kidney, you will need to make an appointment with your healthcare provider so that he or she can evaluate you and diagnose your condition. The earlier you catch kidney disease, the easier it is to manage.


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